Male Factors

1. Azoospermia: – Azoospermia is a major cause of male infertility, when a man’s ejaculate (semen) has no measurable sperm. As a matter of fact, in 40% of infertile couples male has a fertility problem.

Obstructive Azoospermia: In this case, there is normal sperm production, but the reproductive tract for both testicles is blocked. This means no measurable sperm can get into the semen.
Non-obstructive Azoospermia: This type is poor sperm production. Men do not produce enough sperm for a detectable amount to show up in their semen. Non-obstructive azoospermia remains challenging to treat, however we can help restore sperm to the semen in some cases.

2. Retrograde Ejaculation
Retrograde ejaculation occurs when semen enters the bladder instead of emerging through the penis during orgasm. Causes of retrograde ejaculation can include diabetes, medication, injury or past surgeries.

3. Immunologic infertility
Sometimes a man’s body makes antibodies that attack his own sperms. Antibodies are most often made because of injury, surgery or infection. They not only keep sperms from working normally but also makes it difficult for sperm to swim into the fallopian tube and enters an egg.

4. Varicoceles
Varicoceles are when veins in the scrotum become enlarged, this condition is oftenreported at puberty. These veins are like varicose veins (twisted, swollen veins,found in the leg). They can grow larger and you may notice them more over the time. Varicoceles are more common on the left side of the scrotum. This is because the male anatomy is not the same on both sides. Varicoceles may exist on both sides at the same time, but this is rare. About 10 to 15 boys out of 100 have a varicocele but it is hard to say how many out of these will have infertility and hence a visit at right time to doctor is the solution for same.

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